- Emergency Management
- Definition of Terms
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- Training Matrix
- Warning Siren
Lincoln County Emergency Management Director
715 South Jeffers
North Platte, NE 69101
Mission Statement: We protect the communities of Lincoln County by coordinating and integrating all activities necessary to build, sustain, and improve the capability to mitigate against, prepare for, respond to, and recover from threatened or actual natural disasters, acts of terrorism, or other man-made disaster; and to educate and train Lincoln County citizens, responders, and governing officials so that a disaster’s impact on people, property, and communities is minimized.
Vision Statement: We seek to promote safer, less vulnerable communities with the capacity to cope with hazards and disasters through effective partnerships committed to saving lives and reducing the impact of disasters.
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American Red Cross
A non-governmental (NGO) organization that specializes in disaster relief and blood donations from individuals.
Communications interoperability refers to “the ability of emergency responders to talk across disciplines and jurisdictions via communications systems and to exchange voice and/or data with one another on demand, in real time, when needed, and as authorized
Continuity of Communications
Continuity of communications is an uninterrupted ability to provide communications, while maintaining organizational viability, before, during, and after an event.
Department of Homeland Security
The United States Department of Homeland Security is the U.S. government agency established to provide a unifying foundation for the national network of organizations and institutions whose mission it is to secure the homeland.
An occurrence or imminent threat of widespread or severe damage, injury or loss of life or property resulting from any natural or manmade cause, including, but not limited to fire, flood, earthquake, wind, storm, chemical spill, or other water contamination requiring emergency action to avert danger or damage.
Emergency Management Director
EMD is the head of a local or State emergency management agency organization charged with the management of disaster or crisis management from with natural or man-made disasters. They are the coordinating person between the local and State levels of Emergency Management.
Emergency Management Agency
An emergency management agency is the local or state organization charged with emergency preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation and protection of the citizens in their area of responsibility.
Emergency Medical Services
EMS is the branch of emergency services dedicated to providing out-of-hospital acute medical care and/or transport to definitive care.
An unplanned event that interrupts the daily function of the jurisdiction and requires an emergency response.
Emergency Operations Center
An EOC is a central command and control facility responsible for carrying out the principle of emergency preparedness and emergency management or disaster management function at a strategic level.
Federal Communications Commission
The United States Federal Communications Commission is an independent government agency that regulates intrastate and international communications by radio and television and wire and cable and satellite.
Federal Emergency Management Agency
The United States Federal Emergency Management Agency is an independent agency of the U.S. government that provides for all federal emergency preparedness and mitigation and response activities.
Federal Response Plan
The Federal Response Plan was developed by DHS.
Government Accountability Office
The United States Governmental Accountability Office is an independent nonpartisan federal agency which acts as the investigative arm of Congress.
Geographic Information System
GIS provides the ability to envision the geographic aspects of a body of data, allows querying or analysis of a database, and the results are presented in the form of some type of map.
A system that interconnects channels of disparate systems (whether on different frequency bands or radio operating modes), allowing first responders using their existing radios and channels to be interconnected with the channels of other users outside of their agency. Dispatch consoles that are able to create patches will also be captures as gateways.
Department of Homeland Security Exercise Evaluation Program
HSEEP is a capabilities-based and performance-based program that furnishes standardized policies, doctrines, and terminologies for the design, development, performance, and evaluation of homeland security exercises.
International Association of Emergency Managers
IAEM is a working group of emergency management practitioners and academics to that consider principles of emergency management.
Incident Command System
ICS is a standardized, on-scene, all-hazard incident management concept and part of NIMS core principles.
Integrated Emergency Management System
(See ICS and NIMS)
Communications interoperability is defined as a means for disparate radio communication systems to communicate with each other in an effective and reliable manner.
Local Area Network
A LAN is a communication network that serves users within a confined geographical area.
Local Exchange Carrier
A LEC is a public telephone company that provides local phone service.
Local Emergency Operations Plan
A county wide plan, all-hazards plan, required by Nebraska Rev. Statute. §§ 81-829.31, 81-829.36 to 81-829.75, 1996, that establishes the policies, responsibilities, plans, guidelines and procedures for all elected and appointed officials, Emergency Managers, and First Responders to function effectively during an emergency or disaster.
Land Mobile Radio
LMR is a radio communications system used by emergency responder organizations.
MR is a vehicle radio or handheld radio used to communicate between base radio systems and other mobile radios. The mobile radio operates over an authorized area of operation.
Mutual Aid Base Station
MABS is a wireless communication station installed at a fixed location and used to communicate as part of a push-to-talk two-way radio system or a trunked radio system for mutual aid use.
Response to an incident by multiple emergency responders across jurisdictional boundaries. Such an incident may exceed local resources, thereby demanding additional resources from nearby agencies.
Nebraska Association of Emergency Managers
NAEM is a State of Nebraska working group of emergency management practitioners and academics to that consider principles of emergency management.
Nebraska Council of Regions
The Nebraska Council of Regions that provides oversight and integration for the eight local public safety communication regions in Nebraska.
National Emergency Communication Plan
NECP is a strategic plan that sets forth goals and identifies key national priorities to enhance governance, planning, technology, training and exercises, and disaster communications capabilities.
Nebraska Emergency Management Agency
NEMA is the State emergency management agency in the State of Nebraska that coordinates all EMA work within the State of Nebraska.
National Incident Management System
NIMS is not an operational incident management or resource allocation plan. NIMS represents a core set of doctrine, concepts, principles, terminology, and organizational processes that enables effective, efficient, and collaborative incident management.
NGO are organizations which are not part of any governmental agency such as the American Red Cross.
Nebraska Public Power District
NPPD is a political subdivision of the State of Nebraska.
National Response Framework
The NRF is a guide to how the nation conducts all-hazards incident management.
Nebraska Regional Interoperability Network
NRIN is the Nebraska Regional Interoperability Network which provides data connectivity for public safety voice and data interoperability.
Nebraska State Patrol
NSP is the State law enforcement agency for the State of Nebraska and part of the first responder organizations identified in the State of Nebraska.
Nebraska Wireless Interoperability Network
The N-WIN Council created by Governor Heineman through Executive Order No. 08-03 to provide governance and policy direction for the N-WIN system.
National Weather Service
The National Weather Service provides weather forecasts for local areas and issues warnings and alerts when local weather conditions warrant.
Office of Chief Information Officer
OICO is Office of Chief Information Officer as created by Nebraska Revised Statute sections Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 86-519 and 86-520; 81-1116 et seq.; 81-1120.01 et seq.; 86-401 et seq.; 86-550 et seq.; 86-569 et seq.; and other related statutes.
Office of Management and Budget
OMB is the executive agency that advises the President on the federal budget.
APCO Project 25
Project 25 (P25 or APCO-25) is a suite of standards for digital radio communications for use by federal, state/province and local public safety agencies in North America to enable them to communicate with other agencies and mutual aid response teams in emergencies.
Paraclete™ is a software based gateway system licensed to the State of Nebraska that enables local, regional, and state emergency responders to communicate with one another using disparate radio systems.
Planning, Exercise and Training Region
PET Region in the State of Nebraska include eight (8) different regions for Planning, Exercise, and Training.
RF is any frequency within the electromagnetic spectrum associated with radio wave propagation.
Request For Proposal
RFP is an invitation for providers of a product or service to bid on the right to supply that product or service to an organization.
SAFECOM is a communications program within the Office for Interoperability and Compatibility (OIC) that provides research, development, testing and evaluation, guidance, tools, and templates on communications-related issues to local, tribal, state, and Federal emergency response agencies.
State Communications Implementation Plan
Statewide Communication Interoperability Plans (SCIPs) are locally-driven, multi-jurisdictional, and multi-disciplinary statewide plans to enhance emergency communications.
State Emergency Operations Center
SEOC is the EOC for the State of Nebraska, usually headquartered in the NEMA facility (Nebraska).
State Emergency Operations Plan
State Emergency Operations Plan [Nebraska] establishes the policies, plans, guidelines and procedures that will allow all our emergency resources to function effectively, as a team, when disaster strikes.
State Emergency Response Team
The SERT is comprised of a number of NSP units and regionalized organizations under MOU to NEMA for emergency response within the State of Nebraska
System Operating Group
SOG is the owners and operators of the SRS, responsible for operation management, maintenance, and ongoing development of the SRS.
Standard Operating Procedure
An SOP is a written document or instruction detailing all steps and activities of a process or procedure. Standard Operating Procedures, a list of specific or detailed actions, methods or skills used to accomplish a specific task or job; also known as SOGs, Standard Operating
System User Group
SUG is a user agency of the SRS responsible for representing agency users for the ongoing development of user protocols and need.
Statewide Radio System
SRS is a VHF P25 digital trunked land mobile radio system built through a partnership between the State of Nebraska and NPPD.
TG is a predetermined affiliation or grouping for radio channel operation that allows subscribers to transmit and hear each other’s radio traffic, while the system assigns frequencies and coordinates user roaming between tower sites automatically.
Under the ICS [Incident Command System] concept of operations, Unified Command is a unified team effort which allows all agencies with responsibility for an incident, either geographical or functional, to manage an incident by establishing a common set of incident objectives and strategies. This Unified Command effort is accomplished without losing or abdicating agency authority, responsibility, or accountability.
Voice over Internet Protocol
Voice over IP (VoIP) is a family of technologies, methodologies, communication protocols, and transmission techniques for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet.
Virtual Private Network
A virtual private network (VPN) is a network that uses primarily public telecommunication infrastructure, such as the Internet, to provide remote offices or traveling users access to a central organizational network.
Wide Area Network
WAN is a geographically dispersed telecommunications network.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
If you have a question please send it to the Lincoln County Emergency Management Director by clicking on the colored hyperlink..
Q. What is Emergency Management?
A. It is the entire process of planning and intervention for rescue and relief to reduce impact of emergencies as well as the response and recovery measures, to mitigate the significant social, economic and environmental consequences to communities and ultimately to the country, usually through an emergency operation center, EOC.
Emergency Management is divided into four separate but related phases. These are:
Mitigation is any action “determined to be cost-effective which substantially reduces the risk of future damage, hardship, loss, or suffering in any area affected by a major disaster” (Stafford Act, P.L. 93-288, as amended, Sec 404). Proactive mitigation (to reduce the likelihood or lessen the potential effects of disasters) programs include flood plain management, fire prevention, building codes and development of structural standards, land-use regulations and advocacy with urban planning and zoning commissions to factor emergency management considerations into community design. Reactive mitigation (to reduce effects based on past experience) programs include flood insurance, disaster preparedness improvement grants, and development of predictive models of damage based on past experience. Mitigation is the foundation of an all hazards, risk-based emergency management program. It saves lives, reduces property damage, and helps to preserve the economy in the disaster area, thus reducing disaster assistance costs.
Preparedness is planning how to respond should an emergency or disaster occur, and working to increase resources and the ability to respond effectively. Preparedness involves actions that will improve the speed and coordination of the response to an emergency or disaster. Planning, forming emergency organizations, training and exercising are all preparedness activities. Emergency management assists state and local government agencies and private sector organizations to develop plans for natural disasters such as floods or winter storms and technological emergencies such as hazardous materials incidents. Public awareness and information outreach programs that change seasonal focus throughout the year are significant campaigns by state and local emergency management agencies. Disaster preparedness exercises, ranging from tabletop activities to full-scale simulations of disaster situations involving several counties, responder organizations, elected officials and others should be conducted to assure that proposed plans and coordination activities will work. Additional preparedness activities ensure that effective communication systems, operating facilities, and specialized equipment are in place to support emergency response and recovery operations. Communication and/or urgent information to the public are vitally important in an emergency. Local and state emergency management officials working with regional radio, television, and print media coordinate these efforts.
Response actions cover the period of time shortly before, during and after a disaster, during which activities are conducted to save lives and minimize damage. Activation of the local and State Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs), search and rescue, and reception and care of disaster victims are some of the response actions. During this period, emergency coordination functions are generally carried out in the local and State EOCs. The EOC houses representatives of each department and organization involved in response activities in order to ensure cohesive response to the situation and to ensure the public is given concise, meaningful and timely information regarding the disaster.
Recovery is that period when the immediate threat to life and property has passed. Activities such as cleanup, repair, and restoration become a priority. This stage will continue until all life support systems are returned to normal or near-normal operations. Debris clearance, damage assessment, and reconstruction are some recovery measures. Local, State and Federal damage assessment teams, as the situation dictates, may survey damaged areas. The local emergency manager is generally expected to work closely with the teams to ensure swift completion of the assessment process. On-site Disaster Centers may be established within affected communities. These centers provide a convenient place for victims to meet with representatives who can help them solve problems.
Q. What is meant by the All-Hazards approach?
A. Emergency management must be able to respond to natural and manmade hazards, homeland security-related incidents, and other emergencies that may threaten the safety and well-being of citizens and communities. An all-hazards approach to emergency preparedness encourages effective and consistent response to any disaster or emergency, regardless of the cause.
Q. I hear the term “base flood” or “one-percent flood” used when people talk about flooding, what does it mean?
A. A term used in the National Flood Insurance Program to indicate the minimum size flood to be used by a community as a basis for its floodplain management regulations; presently required by regulation to be “that flood which has a one-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year.” It is also known as a 100-year flood or one-percent chance flood.
Q. I hear the term “biological agent” used in the news and papers, what does it really mean?
A. Biological agents are organisms or toxins that can kill or incapacitate people, livestock and crops. The three basic groups of biological agents that would likely be used as weapons are bacteria, viruses and toxins. Most biological agents are difficult to grow and maintain. Many break down quickly when exposed to sunlight and other environmental factors, while others, such as anthrax spores, are very long lived. Biological agents can be dispersed by spraying them into the air, by infecting animals that carry the disease to humans and by contaminating food and water.
Q. What is “bioterrorism” and how can it affect me?
A. Biological agents are organisms or toxins that can kill or incapacitate people, livestock and crops. The three basic groups of biological agents that would likely be used as weapons are bacteria, viruses and toxins. Most biological agents are difficult to grow and maintain. Many break down quickly when exposed to sunlight and other environmental factors, while others, such as anthrax spores, are very long lived. Biological agents can be dispersed by spraying them into the air, by infecting animals that carry the disease to humans and by contaminating food and water. It is not likely you would be affected by this in Lincoln County.
Q. What is meant by “business continuity” and why is it important to me as a business owner?
A. Business continuity is the process of identifying the impact of potential losses on an organization’s functional capabilities; formulating and implementing viable recovery strategies; and developing recovery plans, to ensure the continuity of organizational services in the event of an event, incident, or crisis. Failing to plan for your business to continue operations after a natural or man-made disaster can mean the difference between staying in business or going out of business.
Business continuity – emphasis on “continuity” – is the ability of a business to continue operations in the face of a disaster condition…. Business continuity means:
• identifying critical business functions
• identifying risks to critical functions
• identifying ways to avoid or mitigate the risks
• having a plan to continue business in the event of a disaster condition
• having a plan to quickly restore operations to ‘business as usual’.
Disaster recovery is an integral part of business continuity. Business continuity does not replace insurance. It is a form of insurance, and should include insurance for life, health, facilities, product and business interruption.
Q. Is Emergency Management the same as Civil Defense?
A. No, Emergency Management evolved from the Civil Defense era in the mid-1970’s. Since the early 1900’s disaster response and mitigation was a local responsibility without Federal government assistance. Since the 1970’s Emergency Management has evolved into a formal program; which was dramatically changed after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington DC. The National Incident Management System (NIMS) was developed after 9/11 and contains the core principles of emergency management that we use today of preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery, along with communications. The National Response Framework (NRF) formally known as the National Response Plan (NRP) contains annexes for emergency response and is the basis for our Lincoln County Emergency Operations Plan.
Q. Does the Emergency Management Director work with all agencies and organizations within the county and the State and federal levels?
A. Yes, at the core, success depends upon robust and adaptive collaboration—between the public and private sector, among different levels of government, among multiple jurisdictions, and among departments and agencies within a single jurisdiction. Collaboration encompasses a wide range of activities (e.g., joint planning, training, operations) aimed at coordinating the capabilities and resources of various entities (agencies, organizations, and individuals from many tiers of public and private sectors) for the common purpose of preventing, protecting against, responding to, and recovering from intentional as well as natural threats to people or property. As such a critical element, collaboration can thus be viewed as the foundation upon which success in all four mission areas [prevent, protect, respond, recover] depends.
Achieving full integration and interconnectedness between the public and private sector, among different levels of government, among multiple jurisdictions, and among departments and agencies within a single jurisdiction requires robust collaboration.
Q. How does the Emergency Management Office exercise command and control in a disaster or incident?
A. We discussed NIMS earlier as providing the core principles Emergency Management follows. Within NIMS there are standard incident command structures based on three key organizational systems:
1. The Incident Command System (ICS).
The ICS defines the operating characteristics, interactive management components, and structure of incident management and emergency response organizations engaged throughout the life cycle of an incident;
2. Multiagency Coordination Systems.
These define the operating characteristics, interactive management components, and organizational structure supporting incident management entities engaged at the Federal, State, local, tribal, and regional levels through mutual-aid agreements and other assistance arrangements; and
3. Public Information Systems.
These refer to processes, procedures, and systems for communicating timely and accurate information to the public during crisis or emergency situations.
Q. What is shelter-in-place and how is the best way to perform this.
A. Depending on the nature and timing of a catastrophe, emergency managers may warn people of whether it is safer to evacuate or to shelter in place. In an evacuation, people leave their homes and businesses and travel to a safe location away from danger. In some instances, it is safer for people to quickly seek shelter indoors—in homes, schools, businesses, or public buildings—than to try to travel. Shelter-in-place would be used when there is little time to react to an incident and it would be more dangerous to be outside trying to evacuate than to stay indoors for a short period of time. Additional protective actions that the emergency managers may recommend would include turning off air conditioners and ventilation systems and closing all windows and doors. Sheltering-in-place might be used, for example, in the event of a chemical accident. FEMA recommends people have food, water, and medical supplies and be prepared to stay indoors for at least three days; however, it could be up to five days. The preferred locations for any shelter-in-place action are interior rooms of the building that have no windows.
Q. What is the Stafford Act and why is it important to Lincoln County?
A. Federal support to State and local jurisdictions takes many forms. The most widely known authority under which assistance is provided for major incidents is the Stafford Act. When it is clear that State or tribal capabilities will be exceeded or may be exhausted, the Governor can request Federal assistance under the Stafford Act. The Stafford Act authorizes the President to provide financial and other forms of assistance to State and local governments, certain private nonprofit organizations and individuals to support response, recovery and mitigation efforts following Presidentially-declared major disasters and emergencies. Most incidents are not of sufficient magnitude to merit a Presidential emergency or major disaster declaration. However, when State and local resources are insufficient, a Governor may ask the President to declare a Federal disaster or emergency. Before making a declaration request, the Governor normally must activate the State’s emergency plan and ensure that all appropriate State and local actions have been taken, including:
• Surveying the affected areas to determine the extent of private and public damage.
• Conducting joint Preliminary Damage Assessments with DHS/FEMA officials to estimate the types and extent of Federal disaster assistance required.
Only the Governor can initiate a request for a Presidential emergency or major disaster declaration. This request is made through the DHS/FEMA Regional Administrator and is based on a finding that Federal assistance is needed because the situation exceeds State and local response capabilities due to its severity and magnitude. The request includes:
• Information on the extent and nature of State resources that have been or will be used to address the consequences of the disaster.
• A certification by the Governor that State and local governments will assume all applicable non-Federal costs required by the Stafford Act.
• An estimate of the types and amounts of supplementary Federal assistance required.
• Designation of the State Coordinating Officer.
The Governor addresses the request to the President and forwards it to the DHS/FEMA Regional
Administrator, who makes a recommendation to the DHS/FEMA Administrator. The DHS/FEMA Administrator then recommends a course of action to the President. The Governor, appropriate members of Congress and Federal agencies are immediately notified of a Presidential declaration. Federal support to States under the Stafford Act is coordinated by DHS. The flooding in 2011 came under the Stafford Act for payment of claims for damage in the City of North Platte and Lincoln County
ICS Form 201 Form Incident Briefing
ICS Form 202 Form Incident Objectives
ICS Form 203 Form Incident Organization Assignment List
ICS Form 204 Form Incident Assignment List
ICS Form 205 Form Incident Radio Communications Plan
ICS Form 205A Form Incident Communications List
ICS Form 206 Form Incident Medical Plan
ICS Form 207 Form Incident Organization Chart
ICS Form 208 Form Incident Safety Message Plan
ICS Form 209 Form Incident Status Summary
ICS Form 210 Form Resource Status Change
ICS Form 211 Incident Check-In List
ICS Form 213 Form Incident General Message
ICS Form 213 RR Form Incident Resource Request Message
ICS Form 214 Form Incident Activity Log
ICS Form 215 Form Incident Operational Planning
ICS Form 215A Form Incident Action Plan Safety Analysis
ICS Form 218 Form Incident Support Vehicle Equipment
ICS Form 219 Form Incident T-Cards
ICS Form 220 Form Incident Air Operations Summary
ICS Form 221 Form Incident Demobilization Check-Out
ICS Form 225 Form Incident Personnel Performance Rating
The National Incident Management System (NIMS) required training for emergency responders and elected officials in Lincoln County. Please make sure you have completed the training as identified so Lincoln County can stay compliant with the State of Nebraska Emergency Management Agency and federal requirements. All classes are available on-line except for the ICS 300 and ICS 400 courses.
The web hyperlink for the on-line training classes is http://training.fema.gov/IS/crslist.asp
The Emergency Warning Sirens in the City of North Platte and Lake Maloney area are tested at 11:30 AM every first Wednesday of the month. If you did not hear the siren in your area or want to report a problem with a particular siren, please provide the following information.